Allusions
Kevin Cull, Nick DeCeanne, Timothy Cusack, Nolan Cassidy
Hour 2
4/11/16


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1. Juan Ramón Jiménez-historical-Kevin
Category- Literary
“If they give you ruled paper, write the other way.” Pg. 1(before prologue)
Juan Ramón Jiménez Mantecón (24 December 1881 – 29 May 1958) was a Spanish poet, a prolific writer who received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1956 "for his lyrical poetry, which in the Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity". One of Jiménez's most important contributions to modern poetry was his advocacy of the French concept of "pure poetry."
Juan belonged to a group of writers called modernistas. With the help of the group, he was able to write the souls of violet, his first volume of poetry. Since then he has produced over 20 volumes.
Juan Ramon Jimenez is a spanish poet who made contributions to pure poetry. His quote in fahrenheit 451 is about rebellion. This quote appears even before the prologue and sets the tone for the book. Writing the other way on ruled paper shows rebellion which related to Montag since he read books he wasn’t supposed to.
Citation::
Wikipedia contributors. "Juan Ramón Jiménez." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 12 Apr. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
MLA style: "Juan Ramón Jiménez - Facts". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 11 Apr 2016. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1956/jimenez-facts.html>
Links:: __http://www.poemhunter.com/juan-ram-n-jim-nez/poems/__-list of Juan Ramón Jiménez’s poems
__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Ram%C3%B3n_Jim%C3%A9nez__
__http://wiki.dickinson.edu/index.php/Juan_Ram%C3%B3n_Jim%C3%A9nez__



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2. Millay, Edna St. Vincent-historical-Jake
“Monday burn Millay, Wednesday Whitman, Friday Faulkner, burn ëem to ashes, then burn the ashes. That’s our official slogan.” (8)
Edna St. Vincent Millay was an American poet and playwright. She received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1923, the third woman to win the award for poetry, and was also known for her feminist activism. Her poem Renaissance was put into a contest and was considered the best poem by many but she only received fourth place. The winner of the contest told everyone that he was to embarrassed to receive the trophy and the runner up gave her the $205 prize money.
She was a famous American poet who inspired many poets to follow their dreams and she was also known as a feminist activist. This is like montage and how he rebels against society.She is quoted in Fahrenheit 451 and how all of her poems and everything she wrote for the entertainment of her readers will be burned in this story.
Citation:Wikipedia contributors. "Edna St. Vincent Millay." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 12 Apr. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edna_St._Vincent_Millay__
__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S69mfqBcVc0__ -Video about Edna St Vincent Millay


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3. Whitman, Walt-historical-Nolan
“Monday burn Millay, Wednesday Whitman, Friday Faulkner, burn ëem to ashes, then burn the ashes. That’s our official slogan.” (8)
Walt Whitman was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works.
He was also a famous poet and now all of his poems and everything he wrote down for the world to learn from will be burned to ash in this story.
__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walt_Whitman__
__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nla-JDEp4jw__ -Walt Whitman biography video
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4. Faulkner, William-historical-Jake
“Monday burn Millay, Wednesday Whitman, Friday Faulkner, burn ëem to ashes, then burn the ashes. That’s our official slogan.” (8)
William Faulkner wrote novels, short stories, a play, poetry, essays, and screenplays. He is best known for his short stories and novels set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County. He won the Nobel Prize in literature from Oxford, Mississippi. Faulkner is one of the most celebrated writers in american literature.Faulkner was unknown until in 1949 he won the nobel prize in literature.
He was a famous writer and now all of his stories and novels that were read for the entertainment of his readers are now being burned and gone forever.
Citation: Wikipedia contributors. "William Faulkner." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 12 Apr. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Faulkner__
__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xuQIZ7V9C7U__ -William Faulkner biography video
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5. Phoenix-Mythological-Nick
“There was a silly damn bird called a phoenix back before Christ, every few hundred years he built a pyre and burnt himself up.But every time he burnt himself up he sprang out of the ashes, he got himself born all over again. And it looks like we’re doing the same thing, over and over, but we’ve got one damn thing the phoenix never had. We know the damn silly thing we just did. We know all the damn silly things we’ve done for a thousand years and as long as we know that and always have it around where we can see it, someday we’ll stop making the goddamn funeral pyres and jumping in the middle of them.” (163)
The Phoenix is a long-lived bird that is cyclically regenerated or reborn. Associated with the sun, a phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. According to some sources, the phoenix dies in a show of flames and combustion, although there are other sources that claim that the red bird dies and simply decomposes before being born again.
The Phoenix symbolizes many things, and in this story it can symbolize more than one thing. One thing it can symbolize is Montag. He is supposedly “dead” and now he is reborn into a new life, one that he can start over with. The other thing it can symbolize is the city, because it is burned into ash and will be rebuilt from those ashes.
__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix_(mythology)__
__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MHB3N88kl6E&nohtml5=False__ -Harry Potter video
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6. Benjamin Franklin-historical-Kevin
Category- historical
“Established, 1790, to burn English-influenced books in the Colonies. First Fireman: Benjamin Franklin. Rule 1. Answer the alarm swiftly. 2. Start the fire swiftly. 3. Burn everything. 4. Report back to firehouse immediately. 5. Stand alert for other alarms.” (34-35)
Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat.
Benjamin Franklin is called the first firemen in fahrenheit 451 because he was one of the early fireman. He was a fireman but in a very different way than Montag and the others think. Benjamin franklin put out fires like clarisse suggested. Back then however, the fireman occasionally did burn some books for for different reasons. They burned books to protest and try to escape the ties from Great Britain.
Citations::
Wikipedia contributors. "Benjamin Franklin." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 10 Apr. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
"Quick Biography of Benjamin Franklin." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
Links::
__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmdyKiwMJ78__ -Ben Franklin for kids biography video
__https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:CiteThisPage&page=Benjamin_Franklin&id=714633140__
__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Franklin__








7. -Nolan:
Quote-"Play the man, Master Ridley; we shall this day light such a candle, by God's grace, in England, as I trust shall never be put out." Pg
Category-literary
Nicholas Ridley also known as Master Ridley came from an outstanding and smart family in Tynedale, Northumberland. When he was a boy Ridley was taught at the Royal Grammar School, there he got his Master of Arts in 1525. He soon then became a priest and went to a city called Sorbonne in Paris for more education. In 1543 he was accused of heresy, but was able to be pleaded not guilty and escaped. Ridley would later died on a sentence on October 16, 1555. Ridley was burned slowly and really suffered. He died like this just for writing and teaching about books.
Bradbury uses ideas like Master Ridley to give the story a little twist here and there. These is going to give the audience a good book to read about. Nicholas in some ways is just like Montag. At some points in the story it does feel like Montag is slowly getting burned to death just like Ridley does. And also Montag almost loses his life just like Ridley lost his life for reading and writing books.
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__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Ridley_(martyr)__




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8. Tower of Babel-biblical-Nick
“Where's your common sense? None of those books agree with each other. You've been locked up here for years with a regular damned Tower of Babel. Snap out of it! The people in those books never lived. Come on now!”
The Tower of Babel is an etiologicalmyth in the Book of Genesis of the Tanakh meant to explain the origin of different languages. According to the story, a united humanity of the generations following the Great Flood, speaking a single language and migrating from the east, came to the land of Shinar. There they agreed to build a city and tower; seeing this, God confounded their speech so that they could no longer understand each other and scattered them around the world.
The Tower of Babel is used because it symbolizes confusion in the story. Montag is confused and he is “locked up in the tower of babel” because he does not understand what has happened and what he needs to do.
__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tower_of_Babel__
__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FZDfzArL42I&nohtml5=False__ -informational video
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9. Dante, Alighieri-historical-jake
"We burnt copies of Dante and Swift and Marcus Aurelius."
Alighieri Dante was a major Italian poet of the late Middle Ages. His Divine Comedy, originally called Comedìa and later christened Divina by Boccaccio, is widely considered the greatest literary work composed in the Italian language and a masterpiece of world literature. Dante defended the use of vernacular writing or writing in your native language. Since Dante would play a big role in establishing a national language for Italy. Dante’s depictions of Heaven,Hell and Purgatory help influence western art.
Dante help Italy establish their own national language, just like Clarisse helped Montag discover what he really felt about society. Dante helped influence western art this connects to how Montag is trying to help bring back the old ways and return books to society. He was also a famous poet and now all of his works are getting utterly destroyed by the fire, and no one can ever read his comedies and stories anymore in this book.
Citation:Wikipedia contributors. "Dante Alighieri." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 11 Apr. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dante_Alighieri__
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10. Swift, Jonathan-historical-Nolan
"We burnt copies of Dante and Swift and Marcus Aurelius."
Jonathan Swift was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer(first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.
He was also a famous poet who wrote many great things, and he also became pretty well known in the political ranks. Now his story and all of the stories that he wrote are getting burned in this book for the whole world to never see again.
__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wdlnSQ36uxE__-Jonathan Swift biography
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11. Marcus Aurelius-historical-Nick
"We burnt copies of Dante and Swift and Marcus Aurelius."
Marcus Aurelius was a Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors, and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers.
Marcus Aurelius is one of the most well known people in the world, because he is one of the 5 good emperors in the potentially greatest empire that was ever known or created. He led the Romans to great victories, and was a great military general and a great leader. Now in this story, all of that history about the Romans and Marcus Aurelius is getting burned to ash, never to be read again.
__https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Aurelius__
__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LaY7Y2TrTMk__ -Gladiator video
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12. Civil War-historical-Jake
“Well, I’d say it really got started around about a thing called the Civil War.”
The Civil War was the bloodiest battle in American history. The war lasted from April 12,1861 till May 9,1865 when Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant. This was the American war over slavery where brothers fought brothers and the nation was split in two. After four years of fighting and 750,00 americans dead the Confederates collapsed and slavery was abolished.
The Civil War is a good allusion for Fahrenheit 451 because in the book neighbors are burning each other because they had books. This was the one of the greatest wars ever and Beatty outs some of the blame on the Civil War for what happens. This works for what is going on because brothers are killing brothers without a second thought.
Citation:Wikipedia contributors. "American Civil War." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 12 Apr. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
__http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/american-civil-war-history/videos/civil-war?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false__


__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zBr3QeVPv2M__ -civil war time lapse video



Lexi-
  1. Constitution
    1. Allusion: Declaration of Independence
    2. Category: Historical
    3. Quote from Fahrenheit: “Not everyone born free and equal, as the constitution says, but everyone made equal” (Page 58).
    4. Original source: This is referring to the Declaration of Independence when it states “All men are created equal.” The Declaration of Independence declared that the thirteen American colonies were no longer under Britain ruler and were independent. Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft for the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence was ratified on July 4th, 1776.
    5. Citation: Wikipedia contributors. "United States Declaration of Independence." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 6 Apr. 2016. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
    6. Links:__Declaration of Independence__
    7. Effect/Insight: I think Bradbury picked used this as an allusion to show what the society’s mindset was in this book. Beatty is telling Montag that people weren’t born equal, they were created, or made, equal. The original source has a different meaning though. The original source means all men were created equal by God, and everybody should have the same rights, but the book means all men are created equal by society or the government in relation to knowledge. Beatty tells him that the constitution is wrong and that nobody is born equal. Books bring outside knowledge, and if someone is smarter than another person, it just brings unhappiness. The solution to this problem was to burn these books, insuring that everyone knows the same things, and nobody is smarter than anyone else, which makes everybody equal. Knowing and understanding the allusion does help the reader better understand the text because it shows the difference of how the book interprets the quote versus how the people today interpret the quote. It also shows us how much the society in Fahrenheit 451 wanted happiness because they were willing to go to such extremes to make everyone equal in the sense of knowledge and happiness.external image R18WGg5r3rIMVTlt9dxu5UJbkVoxOtd2ru_ahOA21HcJzkBGeecjLKoiDNPbQK30HSugKEYya5x7N1kErTwvZnQogM5MbdnwxDdnO2PqGIYK40LfebwPzHTn-rnM0fS6N0JJzN-7


  1. Little Black Sambo
    1. Allusion: Little Black Sambo
    2. Category: Literary
    3. Quote from Fahrenheit: “Colored people don’t like Little Black Sambo. Burn it.” (Page 59)
    4. Original Source: It refers to the book Little Black Sambo, written by Helen Bannerman. The book started to offend colored people after Langston Hughes criticised it in 1932, saying that Little Black Sambo was the stereotypical “pickaninny”, an offense term against colored people, which was hurtful to colored children. Sambo is a word for a slave that is happy with being a slave. Little Black Sambo is about a little boy who is playing around and disguises himself as a tiger to joke with his master. However the boy was unaware that there was a real tiger near by.
    5. Citation: "The Story of Little Black Sambo." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.
      • "Little Black Sambo Showtimes." IMDb. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
      • "Little Black Sambo Hardcover – 1959." Little Black Sambo: Illustrator Violet LaMont: Amazon.com: Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
    6. Links:__Little Black Sambo__
    7. Effect/Insight: In the story, Beatty is talking about how nobody wants to offend the minorities and everybody wants to be as happy as possible. One way to get rid of the problems in the world is to simply burn them. If Little Black Sambo offends colored people, then they must burn it so the colored people can be happy. Understanding the allusions benefits the reader's understanding of the story because the reader should understand why colored people get offended by Little Black Sambo.external image sQzWiNx-0YExc6i00jLzEmKcXA7FU5UthSdDI_0GRdPjoha8GINoD4ydyhCcze38xVJFCoL3kq-PeD8DrgiX4jllxyHd6eTmQkZXS-GGuXnhpbhlOFBPQ5NvwsRjoBOrQoNSB66j
  2. Uncle Tom's Cabinexternal image MJhRsQf0Tz6f8q1SmA8hSB58k2S0HT2zj56ShX1JhhAaujWgkEtYXMFE6jZFFVhDJSmuCw2k-ApVKyYKYhkOCSyw-t1UZ8-Iv5PLiK_hcTFAbRkg8waiV_jfw5W83_idHMHOmrfJ
    1. Allusion: Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    2. Category: Literary
    3. Quote from Fahrenheit: “White people don’t feel good about Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Burn it.” (Page 59)
    4. Original Source: It refers to the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. The story is written to show the evils of slavery in the mid-1900s, and how it is wrong to treat slaves as anything less than human. When the book was published it was “cussed and discussed.” Slave owners didn’t agree with the book because it talked about how they were wrong.
    5. Citation: Shmoop Editorial Team. "Uncle Tom's Cabin Themes." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
      • "Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Matter of Influence." Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Matter of Influence. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
      • "Harriet Beecher Stowe." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
      • "UTC: History of the Book in the 19th Century U.S." UTC: History of the Book in the 19th Century U.S. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
    6. Links: __Uncle Tom's Cabin Video__
    7. Effect/Insight: In Fahrenheit 451, Bradbury uses Uncle Tom’s Cabin as another example of a book that would make people unhappy. The society in Fahrenheit 451 is based around being happy, so they threw away knowledge and replaced it with TV’s and technology. Uncle Tom’s Cabin makes white people uncomfortable because it points out the slave owners wrongdoings. If the reader understands what Uncle Tom’s Cabin is about, it helps the reader better understand why white people would be offended by the book, and why they should burn it so the people can be happy.


Bernadette-
  1. “It is computed that eleven thousand persons have at several times suffered death rather than submit to break their eggs at the smaller end”
    1. Allusion: “It is computed that eleven thousand persons have at several times suffered death rather than submit to break their eggs at the smaller end”
    2. Category: Literary external image XDvIhLCGyVqGRUNiyu7UUbIp2tBzMKwMEY5k8U8A18eADyTKHHfTXGAd0ZpzC1I1ZMllYcGSsIbE7s3MzvffjXXSutVGqLikrnXwC4gikffAEkHkbjDVGRPyWyuI5QjXUfASaZ06
    3. Quote from Fahrenheit: “It is computed that eleven thousand persons have at several times suffered death rather than submit to break their eggs at the smaller end” page.68
    4. Original Source: This allusion is original from the book Gulliver’s Travels. It was written by Jonathan Swift in 1726. Many people say this book was an English Classic. Gullivers travel is one of Swift’s most famous pieces of work. He was also a poet and an essayist.He is less known for his poetry. Gulliver’s Travels was one of his most well known books.
    5. Ciation:Wikipedia contributors. "Gulliver's Travels." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 11 Apr. 2016. Web. 11 Apr. 2016. Wikipedia contributors. "Jonathan Swift." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 1 Apr. 2016. Web. 11 Apr. 2016.
    6. Links:__Summary of Gulliver's Travel__
      1. __Link to Picture__
    7. Effect/Insight: Ray Bradbury has used this quote to represent the government in Fahrenheit 451. The effect that this quote has on Fahrenheit 451 one is Montag is judging the government. When Montag says this quote he is saying that people in his society would rather do something that they want to do instead of do something good for the people around them. For example the people would rather have their technology then help fight for books to be legal. Bradbury put this in to see that the people do whatever they want to do instead of fighting for what's right. When it says many people have suffered, it means many people have suffered from not reading and dying from the lack of books. Instead of cracking the egg and making books legal.

“That favourite subject, Myself”external image j9MyVAG6-DrDZeg_vEsUF7D69R0PBHJBNSZLjk5LI5r6S0cfx4WxSZhFLGjQa_sMpZQjiYilHo9JSboZG1crH6iICnPdXBfJjQwy_vHjXJWmSQ9jUwffDcNpx3MPsLl3LXXIBf8D