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Fahrenheit Allusion Project
F451 Allusions Part 1
F451 Allusions Part 2
F451 Allusions Part 3
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Fahrenheit 451 Allusions Part 1
Fahrenheit 451 Allusions Part 1
Allusion: Juan Ramón Jiménez
Quote: “If they give you ruled paper, write the other way.” (Introduction)
Context: Juan was a Spanish poet and a prolific writer who received a Nobel Prize in Literature in 1956. One of his major contributions to French poetry is
concept of “pure poetry”. He studied law in college, but he decided to write instead. His father died when he was 18, and he became depression. Upon the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, he went into exile in Puerto Rico, where he settled in 1946. He became a professor of Spanish Language and Literature at the University of Puerto Rico and then at the University of Miami. A building on campus was named after him. Juan died in 1958 at the end of his career.
"If They Give You Ruled Paper, Write the Other
way./92172/. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Apr. 2014.
"Juan Ramón Jiménez."Http:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Ram%C3%B3n_Jim%C3%A9nez. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Apr. 2014.
Insight: It means that you shouldn’t stay within the confines of the lines just because you are told to do so. Be unique. Write outside of the lines. People tend to write within the lines as soon as they see them, but if you think for yourself, you will find that that is not necessary. Write where you want and what you want. This quote is a good opener to the book because it expresses the theme of going against the laws, which are present in the book. It reveals a new way of thinking that the rest of the book will be seen in. It is an effective way to open the book.
Allusion: Millay, Edna St. Vincent
Quote: "It's fine work. Monday burn Millay, Wednesday Whitman, Friday Faulkner, burn 'em to ashes, then burn the ashes. That's our official slogan." (Page 8)
Context: Edna Millay was a poet and a play writer. She was born on February 22, 1982 in Rock Island, Maine. Her parents got a divorce in 1899, and her mother raised her and her three sisters on her own. Her mom taught her and her sisters about music and literature at a young age. Edna was encouraged to write a poem about her mother’s urging about literature. Her first poem was "Renascence", which won some awards. She kept on writing poetry and became interested in theatre. In 1917, she published her first book called Renascence, along with poems that she published too. Edna lived in the Modern Age (1915-1946) this was a time of confusion, and this period brought about many good writers.
Citation: "Edna St. Vincent Millay." Http:
www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/160. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2014.
Insight: Edna is an author, which makes her important to this book because books are burned in the story. That has a lot to do with authors. Being an author has something to do with books because if you’re an author then you are the writer of the book. So being an author plays a role in the book, because the firemen are burning the books written. If the authors of the books knew their books were being destroyed, they probably wouldn’t be happy. The firemen are burning something that they never owned or wrote, and that isn’t fair to the authors because people are destroying their writing. Books aren’t a bad thing, so they shouldn’t even have to worry about burning or destroying the books because there is no point.
Allusion: Walt Whitman
Quote: "It's fine work. Monday burn Millay, Wednesday Whitman, Friday Faulkner, burn 'em to ashes, then burn the ashes. That's our official slogan."(Page 8)
Context: The allusion is a person. Walt Whitman was a very influential poet. He wrote works such as
O Captain! My Captain!
I Hear America Singing
A Noiseless Patient Spider
. They probably would have burned his books because he valued the democracy so much. In the society they are in now they probably don’t want the ideas of democracy spreading. He was a part of the transcendentalism literary movement.
Citation: Poetry Soup. Poetry Soup, n.d. Web. 7 Apr. 2014. <
Wikipedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 7 Apr. 2014. <
Insight: This is important to Fahrenheit 451 because Walt Whitman was very against any views of the way their society was set up. It gives insight to the book because he was a poet and writer and books are outlawed. Bradbury used it to show the contrast between the society in past times and the current society in the book. Walt Whitman liked democracy very much and his works reflected it. The way society was in the novel, the leaders wouldn’t want his works being out there.
Allusion: Faulkner, William
Quote: “It’s fine work. Monday burn Millay, Wednesday Whitman, Friday Faulkner, burn ‘em to ashes, then burn the ashes. That’s our official slogan.” (Page 8)
Context: William Faulkner was a very famous writer of his time. He was born in 1897 and died in 1962. As a teenager, Faulkner enjoyed writing, especially poetry. He did not like school, and dropped out at the young age of fifteen. After serving in WWI, though never fighting, he enrolled at the University of Mississippi. In New Orleans, Faulkner was inspired to write novels. None of his first novels sold many copies. Eventually, his writing career took off, especially after he received a Nobel Prize for Literature. Faulkner wrote during the Modern Age (1915-1946) of writing. This was a time when authors asked many of the great questions we usually ask ourselves during life, but none gave any answers. Some of the best American authors came from this time period.
"Biography of William Faulkner (1897-1962)." Biography of William Faulkner. Grade Saver, n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2014. <
Insight: William Faulkner is considered a classic American author. It makes sense for Ray Bradbury to use him in his writing because of the impact Faulkner had on our country with his influential writings. His writings often made people reevaluate their lives because they were starkly true and without a filter to protect anyone’s feelings. He often wrote about the theme of the American South. One of his poems allows the reader to experience how certain people in society felt about others and how they viewed themselves. Ray Bradbury does something similar to this in his literature by creating a story that makes the reader feel as if they were there living in that time period and setting. Many people who read Faulkner’s books become frustrated and confused at first. His style of writing is very different from the norm. It takes a lot of thought and concentration to understand what Faulkner is trying to say. During a time period like the one in Fahrenheit 451, people wouldn’t be willing to think hard about what they were reading. By comparing Faulkner to Bradbury, you’d wonder if a book such as Fahrenheit 451 would have been burned or used as a beacon of knowledge to lead readers away from technology addiction and desensitization.
Quote: “But he knew his mouth had only moved to say hello, and then when she seemed hypnotized by the salamander on his arm and the phoenix disc on his chest, he spoke again.” (Page 6)
Context: The phoenix symbolizes immortality and life after death. It is associated with the sun god and could be compared to an eagle. The mythological creature was said to have lived in Arabia. The phoenix never existed and was written about in Greek mythology. It says that only one phoenix would live at a time. Each phoenix lives for 500-1000 years. The phoenix was gold and red, and was a male. The phoenix is a symbol of rebirth because it is reborn from it’s ashes. Fire symbolizes the phoenix because when it was about time for the phoenix to die, it would build a nest that would catch on fire. The phoenix would then burn to ashes and then be reborn. The phoenix is associated with medicine because once it dies it becomes a healthy bird again.
Citation: Interesting Facts about Phoenix Bird. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.
Phoenix Bird Information & Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.
Insight: Ray Bradbury would include the phoenix in the story because it symbolizes fire. Fire is a big part in the book because the firemen burn down houses and books. After the firemen burn down the books and houses everything they burn turns to ashes. When the phoenix is ready to die, it burns down to ashes and then is reborn as a healthy bird. The phoenix is related with the books and the houses because they all burn down and turn into ashes. He would have included the phoenix to show what the fires are like. These are both mythological because the phoenix and burning books for a living don’t actually happen in our world today. The phoenix symbolizes a rebirth in society in the book. The people of this world face many disasters, but they are reborn in a sense because they rebuild their society and continue living.
Allusion: Benjamin Franklin
Quote: "Established, 1790, to burn books of English influence in the Colonies. First Fireman:
Context: Benjamin Franklin was the first to organize a public library and a fire department. His contributions to science were tremendous. They helped to create electricity and furthered mathematics and mapmaking. He also helped draft the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution. He used the alias Mrs. Silence Dogood so he could have his writings published at age 14. He contributed a lot to society.
Insight: It makes complete sense that Ray Bradbury would choose to use Benjamin Franklin as the first fireman in his story. In reality, Benjamin Franklin is the complete opposite of one who would burn books. This just shows that the society in this book is backwards, confused, and almost brainwashed. They have allowed themselves to believe that a historical figure such as this, who loved knowledge and books, would be someone who destroyed them. He also helped with the writing of the Declaration of Independence. In the declaration, it says, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” In Beatty’s speech, he said that books were read less or shortened because they offended the minorities. The declaration shows that even though there may be minorities, everyone is the same in the end. It also states that everyone has a right to pursue their own happiness. This is fitting because happiness was a theme in Fahrenheit 451. Benjamin Franklin was an excellent allusion to use.
Quote: (passage with the allusion in F451-include the page number)
Context: (This is explaining what the allusion is. For example, the Phoenix is a mythological creature. Write about 5-8 sentences explaining what the allusion is whether it is a person, a book, a place etc.)
Citation (Where did you find this information? Use MLA citation-check noodle tools or citation machine for help):
Links: Give a website, video, or image that connects with the allusion.
Insight: How is this important to F451? Does it offer any insight to the book? Why did Bradbury use it? This should be about 5-8 sentences.
7. Allusion: Master Ridley
Quote: "Play the man, Master Ridley; we shall this day light such a candle, by God's grace, in England, as I trust shall never be put out." ( F451 Pg. 36)
Context: Master or Nicholas Ridley was an Anglican martyr in England. He disagreed with Henry VIII on his stance on the royal inheritance and did not believe the Pope to be higher than any other man. He refused to change his views which caused his downfall.He was burned to a stake on the charge of heresy with his friend and partner, Hugh Latimer. Latimer was the one who actually spoke these words.
Citation: "Theology Network - The Reformation in Britain - The Martyrdom of Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer." Theology Network - The Reformation in Britain - The Martyrdom of Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.
Insight: This allusion shows great relevance to the book. It was spoken by the woman whose house was burnt down in Fahrenheit 451. Just like Master Ridley, she was being burnt alive. She also had the same charge, heresy. She believed that books were meant to be read and refused to change her views. She became a martyr to the idea of saving the books, just like Ridley became a martyr to his faith.
8. Tower of Babel
Quote: “ You know the law,” said Beatty. “Where’s your common sense? None of these books agree with each other. You’ve been locked up here for years with a regular damned Tower of Babel.” (F451 Pg. 38)
Context: The Tower of Babel was a biblical story in which humans try to build a tower that reaches heaven. It also helps to explain how the people of ancient times developed different languages. The building of the tower attracted the attention of God, so he confused the languages of the people. This cause the humans to not be able to finish the Tower. The people then split up and travel to different parts of the world.
"Bible Gateway." Bible Gateway. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
Insight: This is important to Fahrenheit 451 because it explains how books are viewed in their society. In the society, the books are viewed as confusing and they don’t agree with one another. This is why the Tower of Babel allusion is used in Fahrenheit 451. The books are being compared to the languages of people. Books caused the people to form different opinions just like how different languages caused the people in the Tower of Babel to go to different parts of the world.
9. Dante, Alighieri
Allusion: Alighieri Dante
Quote:"We burned copies of Dante and Swift and Marcus Aurelius." pg 50
Context: Alighieri was an Italian poet during the Middle ages. His Divine Comedy was originally know as Comedia then called Divina. It is known as the greatest literary work composed in the Italian language. He is the best Italian poet.
Citation:"Dante Alighieri." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 04 June 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
Insight:This is important to Fahrenheit 451 because he said this while listing off famous author and poets. He uses it because he needed a famous author. However it does not offer any insight into the book because he is just listed off and isn't gone into detail.
10. Swift, Jonathan
Allusion: Jonathan Swift
Quote: "I want you to meet Jonathan Swift, the author of that evil political book, Gulliver's Travels!” (Page 151)
Context: Jonathan Swift is an Author who wrote many books. One of his most famous works is Gulliver travels. Jonathan was born in Dublin Ireland in in 1640. He was the youngest of two siblings and was the only boy. Johnathan left his home to go to become a priest. However he did not like it and became a writer.
Citation "Jonathan Swift." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 04 June 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2014. <
Insight: Ray Bradbury uses this reference in this book for many reasons. One of the reasons he uses this is because it symbolizes that the book people saved all the books. Even the books that the people did not like. Granger says how god awful this book is yet he saves it for the greater good of the human race.
11. Marcus Aurelius
”We burned copies of Dante and Swift and Marcus Aurelius." pg.50
Marcus Aurelius was a Roman Emperor who was most known for his intellectual pursuits. He was the last of the Good emperors and he conquered the rest of Gaul. He wrote a few books and was known for the purists of the arts and literature.
Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.
__Marcus Aurelius death scene (Gladiator)__
__Picture of a Statue of Marcus Aurelius__
This is important to Fahrenheit 451 because he said this while listing of all the famous books or things that they have burned. He probably chose this because he was choosing famous authors so he chose Marcus because he was well known for his intellectual pursuits. Marcus Aurelius doesn't offer any insight because he is listed off and is not gone into detail about.
12. Civil War
Allusion: Civil War
Quote:"When did it all start, you ask, this job of ours, how did it come about, where, when? Well, I'd say it really got started around about a thing called the Civil War. Even though our rule-book claims it was founded earlier. The fact is we didn't get along well until photography came into its own. Then--motion pictures in the early twentieth century. Radio. Television. Things began to have mass." (Page 54) Context: The Civil War was a war that was fought between the northern states and the southern states. This was the only war in American history that we fought against ourselves. One of the main reasons for this war was over the fact that slavery was still going on in the United States. The War lasted five years and took over 850,000 people died in the war.
Citation: "American Civil War." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 04 June 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2014. <
Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 5 Apr. 2010. Web. 09 Apr. 2014. <
Insight: Ray Bradbury uses this Allusion because the book is almost like a Civil War.With people divided between the Book people and Guy Montag against the Government, Firemen and the rest of the citizens this feels like a civil war. Even some of the cities own citizens are against the government. Instead of slavery being the cause for this the cause is the right to own and read books and just like in the real war the North “The side that wants to read and own books” wins due to the fact that the city blows up.
Allusion: Constitution of the United States of America
Quote : “W
e must all be alike. Not everyone born free and equal, as the Constitution says, but everyone made equal. Each man the image of every other; then all are happy, for there are no mountains to make them cower, to judge themselves against.” (Page 58).
Context : The Constitution is an old document, written on
September 17, 1787
that said The United States is free from the English grasp. It was made because everyone in the United States was getting fed up with England’s complete power over them, and the taxes they placed on the Americas. The first man to sign this document was John Hancock, and he was the first because everyone was scared they would be murdered but Hancock would’ve rather die than be loyal to England anymore. England rejected this document instantly. When England rejected this document The Revolutionary War began.
Citation : "Fahrenheit 451." - Wikiquote. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
"United States Constitution." United States Constitution. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2014
Insight : The Constitution in this story because it says that everyone is born free and equal, but Beatty says everyone was made equal because of the Firemen. Beatty says that people use books evilly to make their points, but he also does this, especially with the Constitution to try to talk Montag from stealing anymore books. While we have been born equal, in the book the Firemen make everyone equal by destroying contradicting books so everyone will have the same thoughts. Beatty acted like everyone was on different levels of society because of books, and that he changed that and made them equals. His thought is incorrect because he is contradicting his thought by destroying peoples’ works, making them a lower class than everyone because they put their lives into writing what he is destroying.
Little Black Sambo Allusion
Allusion: Little Black Sambo
Quote: “Colored people don’t like Little Black Sambo. Burn it.” -Pg. 59
Context: Little Black Sambo is an English book written by Helen Bannerman and published by Grant Richards in October 1899. It was a favorite book until the word ‘sambo’ was considered racist in many countries. The story is about a South Indian boy named Sambo who encounters a pack of hungry tigers. Unsure of what to do, he gives up his new clothes, shoes, and umbrella so they won’t devour him. The tigers are arrogant, and each one thinks they are better dressed than the others. They go into a high-speed chase around a tree out of anger, and are then reduced to a pool of melted butter. Frightened Sambo quickly snatches his clothes and returns to his mom, where she makes pancakes and uses the butter that the tigers melted into.
Citation: Bannerman, Helen. The Story of Little Black Sambo. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1951. Print.
__Little Black Sambo Picture__
Insight: This allusion is a book. It’s important to F451 because Beatty uses the Little Black Sambo to help him explain himself to Montag why books are unnecessary and “evil” because they give an example of how certain books may affect people differently and cause them to be “unhappy”. In the society, no one wants to be confused, sad, or upset and the people believe that books are the cause of this. F451 is about how some people want to get rid of books for good, while others feel differently. Montag was a fireman who burned books for a living until he saw the value of life and the importance of books, which didn’t please Captain Beatty. The Little Black Sambo fits right in to help Beatty prove himself. Bradbury most likely used it for this same reason. He had to find a book that would help a chunk of his story come together, and he did.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Allusion: Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Quote: “White people don’t feel good about Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Burn it.”
Context: Uncle Tom’s Cabin is a book about African Americans who were working as slaves and how they were trying to escape. They story is focuses on Tom and his family. He has a wife and three young children. It also focuses on Eliza who is Harry’s mother. Many of the other slaves had alredy run away, Tom protects his family by staying so that the others can stay together. At the end of the story it shows both Tom and Eliza escaping slavery. Eliza makes it away but Tom did not.
"Uncle Tom's Cabin." Uncle Tom's Cabin. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.
Insight: I think this allusion is very important to the book. It shows how people act and what their views are on certain things. They are very worried about everyone being equal and happy. I think Ray Bradbury used this in the book to let the reader know more about how the society views books. Captain Beatty uses Uncle Tom’s Cabin as an example when he is talking to Montag. The way that certain people viewed Uncle Tom’s Cabin helped to back up what Beatty was saying about the books.
William Shakespeare Allusion
Allusion: William Shakespeare
Quote: “How many copies of Shakespeare?”- Pg.76
Context:William Shakespeare is a literary figure. He was born on April 26, 1564. He was an English poet, playwright, and actor. He is often called the “Bard of Avon”. He wrote thirty-eight plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses. Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later known as the King’s Men in London.He retired to Stanford when he was forty-nine years old and died three years later.
"William Shakespeare." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 3 Apr. 2014. Web. 7 Apr. 2014.
Insight: This is important to Farenheit 451 because William Shakespeare was an poet, playwright, and actor and in this society he would have been out of a job and his job would have been illegal. It offers insight to this book because he was a great poet and playwright and in our society is celebrated and is considered one of the greatest poets of all time. However, in their society he was considered a man of no importance and if he wrote anymore plays he would have been arrested and his plays and poems burned. Bradbury used him to show the how much their society is different from ours. He also used William Shakespeare in F451 because he wanted to show that there were some people who knew true authors greatness and wanted to remember them because one day they would be needed.
Quote: “How many copies of Shakespeare and Plato?” pg-76
Context: Plato is a very well known philosopher from ancient Greece. He was taught by another very well known philosopher, Socrates. Socrates, his mentor, Aristotle, his student, and he laid down the foundation for all philosophy and science. He is depicted as one of the main characters in the painting, The school of Athens, by Raphael. He wrote many informational books about science and many other topics that helped us get to where we are today in modern science.
"Plato." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 04 June 2014. Web. 06 Apr. 2014.
__Video of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle__
__Picture of a sculpture of him__
__Painting of him__
Insight: This was a good place in the book to put Plato. Montag is talking to Faber, asking him if he knows anything about these. Montag keeps rattling off important books, such as the Bible and Shakespeare. He also throws Plato in there to see if Faber knows about his informational books. Bradbury probably used this because he knew that the readers would be familiar with Plato. This was a good idea on his part because he is still well known to this day.
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